The Shifted Function of Traditional Balinese Agrarian Architecture

Jineng is a form of traditional Balinese architecture which is full of agrarian tradition in Bali – granary. Jineng is a two-storey building that has four to six pillars to form a rectangular space.

Where the top floor is made of wooden construction which is used as a room for storing rice. Jineng is usually owned by farming communities or land that are used as paddy fields owners.

Warmadewa University agricultural expert Dr. IR. I Gusti Bagus Udayana, M.Si. said, in ancient times in a house in Bali, the existence of jineng could be seen as a symbol of the owner’s social status. The larger the size of the rice barn, the higher the socioeconomic status of the house owner, or the richer it is.

Photo 3: Unhulled rice

In the Balinese puja tradition, the building which has four to eight pillars is not only a place to store rice or unhulled rice. Jineng also became Ida Batara Sri’s linggih (stana), a manifestation of Ida Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa as a spreader of prosperity.

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However, as development progressed, Jineng experienced a shift in function. From the beginning, a place to store rice / grain and linggih Ida Batara Sri, now jineng is mostly used as a Balinese building that has nothing to do with agriculture. In fact, this building is now widely used as tourism accommodation. “The transfer of jineng functions from the agricultural sector to other sectors in Bali has occurred,” said Udayana.

According to him, this happened because of many factors. Among other things, there was a change in land functions, besides that there was also a change in rice cultivation, especially in the application of cropping patterns, so that post-harvest could not be controlled properly, there were changes in new rice seeds and other types. On the other hand, the rice harvesting pattern no longer uses traditional tools, ranging from ani-ani, pestle to lumping or mortar.

Photo 4: Jineng that is now functioned as tourism accomodation

This is because the handling of new rice varieties does not require such tools anymore. Another thing is that farmers no longer harvest themselves, but leave it to other parties because most of the rice produced by them already bought when the rice was still in the fields, the buyers immediately harvested it.

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